Dr. Parel has served as a professor at Baylor College of Dentistry-Texas A&M University System Health Science Center and director of the Center of Oral Maxillofacial Prosthodontics in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Pharmacology from 1998 until 2008. Since that time until 2013, he served as the founder and director of Prosthodontics at a private Implant Specialty Clinic in Dallas, Texas. He is presently in private practice, and serves as a consultant to several companies in the implant industry. 

Dr. Parel has literature contributions that include over 45 scientific articles as principal author, and multiple textbook chapters. He was also editor and co-author of Esthetics and Osseointegration, a landmark reference source for implant dentistry. He has been president of The American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, The Academy of Osseointegration, The Osseointegration Foundation, and The American Board of Prosthodontists. He has received the Andrew J. Ackerman Award for meritorious lifetime

service in the field of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, the Distinguished Lecturer and Dan Gordon Awards from the American College of Prosthodontics, and the Branemark Award for lifetime achievement in the field of Implant dentistry, the highest honor bestowed by the Academy of Osseointegration' s Foundation and The Titanium Society.

The Full Arch Implant Restoration

" Then and Now"

Stephen M. Parel, D.D.S.

The history of an implant approach for restoring function in the edentulous or failing dentition patient is both fascinating and revealing. If anything is to be learned from the early days of implantology, it is how important the current concept of Osseointegration is in the process of minimizing the progress of bone loss over the lifetime of implant service. The turnaround for our profession started with the Toronto conference in 1982, and continues to evolve as advances in technology and science create expanded opportunities for application to a growing patient population which is in even greater need today. 


As part of this discussion, the evolution in the number of recommended implants per arch will be addressed. Current numerical options for the maxilla are now less stringent, and allow for greater flexibility in addressing complications. Numerical possibilities for the mandible are encouragingly being refocused on the three implant fixed Trefoil option, which offers the benefit of a more economical and single day final restoration for this jaw without a reduction functional capability. 


This presentation will retrospectively trace the benefits of current full arch implant restorative possibilities through osseointegration. Using a complications based approach over a period of more than 30 years of personal clinical implant experience, recommendations will be offered to attain longevity while treatment planning to avoid complications. 


Upon completion of this Course, the participant will be able to:


  • Appreciate the physiologic advantages of modern vs early implant modalities.

  • Understand the advantages of angling implants for a variety of patient applications.

  • Determine when and when not to consider immediate loading.

  • Evaluate approaches for using fewer implants in the mandibles as an economic alternative.

  • Learn the Trefoil concept

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